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Frustrated Quantum Magnets

Author: Claire Lhuillier
Url: http://arxiv.org/abs/cond-mat/0502464
Format: Ps, Pdf
Category: Quantum magnetism
Pages: 100
Clicks: 168

A description of different phases of two dimensional magnetic insulators is given. The first chapters are devoted to the understanding of the symmetry breaking mechanism in the semi-classical Neel phases. Order by disorder selection is illustrated. All these phases break SU(2) symmetry and are gapless phases with magnon excitations. Different gapful quantum phases exist in two dimensions: the Valence Bond Crystal phases (VBC) which have long range order in local S=0 objects (either dimers in the usual Valence Bond acception or quadrumers..), but also Resonating Valence Bond Spin Liquids (RVBSL), which have no long range order in any local order parameter and an absence of susceptibility to any local probe. VBC have gapful S = 0, or 1 excitations, RVBSL on the contrary have deconfined spin-1/2 excitations. Examples of these two kinds of quantum phases are given in chapters 4 and 5. A special class of magnets (on the kagome or pyrochlore lattices) has an infinite local degeneracy in the classical limit: they give birth in the quantum limit to different behaviors which are illustrated and questionned in the last lecture.

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