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Optical Metamagnetism and Negative Index Metamaterials

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Author: Uday K. Chettiar et al.
Url: http://arxiv.org/abs/0806.2677
Format: Ps, Pdf
Year: 2008
Category: Quantum magnetism
Pages: 25
Clicks: 1961

Description
A new class of artificially structured materials called metamaterials makes it possible to achieve electromagnetic properties that do not exist in nature. In this paper we review the recent progress made in the area of optical metamaterials. It was predicted that nanostructured metamaterials could provide us with artificial magnetic response and negative refractive index at optical frequencies. To date, optical metamagnetics have been already fabricated to demonstrate artificial magnetic response in the infrared and across the entire visible spectrum, while metamaterials showing negative refractive index, also called negative index materials (NIM), have been demonstrated in the infrared and at the border with the visible spectral range. Here we report the results of a sample that displays NIM behavior for red light at a wavelength of 710 nm. This is the shortest wavelength so far at which NIM behavior has been observed for light (excluding a device built on surface plasmon polaritons). We also discuss the fabrication challenges and the impact of fabrication limitations, specifically surface roughness of the fabricated structures on the optical properties of the metamaterials.

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