Did you know that the study of how traits are passed down from one generation to the next, known as Mendelian genetics, is based on the principles discovered by Gregor Mendel? His groundbreaking work with pea plants revolutionized our understanding of genetics and formed the foundation of modern genetic research. Mendelian genetics, also known as […]
Mendelian Genetics, named after Gregor Mendel, is the foundation of modern genetics. It focuses on the principles of inheritance and the transmission of traits from one generation to another.
Mendelian genetics explores how genetic information is passed down through generations, primarily through the study of dominant and recessive traits. Mendel’s experiments with pea plants laid the groundwork for understanding the rules of inheritance. Including the concepts of alleles, genotype, and phenotype.
According to Mendelian principles, traits are determined by discrete units of inheritance called genes. These genes are present in pairs in individuals. Through the study of Mendelian genetics, scientists have been able to unravel the genetic basis of numerous inherited disorders. From this, developing predictive models for disease risk, and understand patterns of inheritance in human populations.
This genetics provides a fundamental framework for understanding the inheritance of traits and serves as a stepping stone for more complex areas of genetics. By studying Mendelian inheritance patterns, scientists can better comprehend genetic diseases, improve genetic counseling, and develop targeted therapies based on the underlying genetic causes.